Heart disease remains to be the leading cause of death in the Philippines and in the Visayas.
The Medical City Iloilo Cardiovascular Programs combines world class patient care, skilled specialists, new technologies, and education to dramatically improve the treatment of heart disease in Western Visayas.
The TMC Iloilo’s flagship program – Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (Cardiac CathLab) is the first and only in the Western Visayas. Through Cardiac CathLab, our physicians can insert catheters into coronary arteries to detect blockages and provide critical information to help the doctors give the best patient care possible.
Cardiovascular Disease is defined as any diseases of the heart which involves narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels that can cause heart attack, chest pain or stroke. It can also be defined as any condition affecting the heart muscles, valves or rhythms.
Symptoms of the disease:
Symptoms may vary depending on the type of Heart Disease suffered/endured by the patient.
Common symptoms would include:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of Breath
How are they monitored or diagnosed?
- Doctors will perform a Physical Exam.
- Ask about your family and Personal Health History.
- Blood testing and other laboratory procedure will then be done.
- Chest x-ray will also be performed.
How is it done?
- Patients medical history needs to be taken before the test.
- Diagnostic tests will be performed prior to admission (Lab tests, x-ray,ECG, etc.)
- Do not eat or drink anything 8 hours before the procedure.
- Necessary prepping will also be done as a standard pre-op care.
- A long thin tube is moved through a blood vessel until it reaches the heart.
- Once the tube is in place, dye is put in
- The dyes will then chever, creating a picture of the heart and arteries as viewed from a monitor
- The images that appear will then detect if there are blockages in the arteries of the heart.
- The patient needs not to sleep at the course of the procedure.
- What happens during the test?
- Patient lies on the bed under and X-Ray camera.
- Patient’s heart beta will also be monitored by the Electrocardiogram (ECG Machine)
- Medication will then be given prior to procedure to help the patient relax. Additional medication will be given to prevent dye reaction.
- Catheter will then be inserted in an artery or vein in the groin or arm.
- You may feel burning or stinging as medicine is injected in the skin over the blood vessel.
What are the complications of the Heart Diseases?
- Heart Attack
- Heart Failure
- Sudden cardiac Arrest
- Peripheral Artery Disease
What are the risk factors for Heart Disease?
- Family History
- Poor diet
- Unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle
- Poor hygiene
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
Patient may also undergo any of the following diagnostic tests in addition:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Holter Monitoring
- Computer Tomography (CT) Scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Cardiac Catheterization
How to avoid or lessen the effect of cardiovascular diseases?
- Lifestyle change
- Cardiovascular surgery